Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

About Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

The sinuses are hollow air-filled spaces in the skull bones. Sinuses are connected to your nose and have a similar lining called mucous membrane. This membrane produces a secretion called mucus to keep the lining moist. Excess mucus normally drains out of the sinuses and down the back of the throat.

If the sinus linings get inflamed (sinusitis) or blocked by an growth (polyp), the mucus will not drain in the normal way. This can cause symptoms such as headaches or a swollen face.

The Procedure

Endoscopic sinus surgery is generally done to improve drainage from a sinus. It is done using a camera in a thin tube called an endoscope which is inserted through the nostril. Instruments are passed down the endoscope to remove any tissue that is blocking the sinus or causing problems like chronic sinusitis. The openings between your sinuses and your nose may also be widened to help the sinuses to drain. At the end of the operation dressings may be put in your nose to stop any bleeding.

The operation is usually done under general anaesthesia, which means you will be asleep during the procedure and leavethe next day, or using local anaesthetic and a sedative which means you would be able to go home the same day.

Your surgeon will explain the benefits and risks of having endoscopic sinus surgery and will also discuss the alternatives to the procedure. Each operation is individual and will be adapted to meet your needs. Your surgeon will explain what type of operation is needed, based on a detailed examination of your nose and the appearance in scans.

Post procedure

Endoscopic sinus surgery is a commonly performed and generally safe procedure. However, all surgery carries risks as well as benefits.  Risks of sinus surgery include damage to the sinuses or surrounding tissue, eye problems, and a small risk of developing meningitis.